Note: Click on the underlined words to get any clarity on the particular terms. We’ve released articles previously to give some more clarity towards the terms.
Previously, we had a quite detailed description about the Hardware field. If you haven’t gone through the article about the Hardware Field, visit the following link.
Are we familiar with the term Software?
My answer will definitely be YES. Everyday we are crossing over a term called SOFTWARE by the most popular sentences as follows:
- He/She is working as a software engineer in a big IT company.
- Download the suggested software for better results.
- Software has been working good/bad unreasonably.
- What Software do you use?
All these. We may or may not know the definite meaning of what Software is, but still we use it. In order to get a clear idea of what Software is, read the article completely and we are sure that we will give you a clearance of what Software actually is.
So, what actually is Software?
Without further formal introductions, let’s jump directly into the term Software. Software is a sub-field of the Information
Technology, which is in other words, the result of the two other sub-domains -the Hardware Field and the Database field if the field of Information Technology. Let’s get a bit more detailed definition — it is a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work. Still if you are not clear, let’s go with a live example.
Let us take our brain out for a while(as an example, for sure), what does a brain do? In simple terms, it tells us what to do. Since it is an organ that for sure is visible and it contains zillions and zillions of information it, it runs a whole lot of processes one by one or at a single time. Now, let’s connect the brain technically. The brain is hardware, the information it contains is the data to-process and the results like reflexes and actions that come out are software. Not only the actions that come out as results, also the actions that are reasonable for the results are also software.
Now, from the above explanation, many of you’ll think “I’m now aware of what happens with brain, but what is Software’s example in Technical Field?”. Of course, let’s look at it. Just wanted you to be a bit more familiar with the idea of what it is. Now, let us get into the example or where it applies.
Let us take a computer, or even a more familiar device — the mobile phone. The applications that we use are all results of the programming that are done beyond. That is if you take an alarm clock application, it is a software. It is the result of programming regarding speakers for sound(hardware),time for alarm(data) and programming(again software),we’ll see about programming in our next article, but don’t worry we’ll give a good introduction here as well in order to define software a little bit detailed. So, the crores and crores of applications that are available now are all software, and all the work done or instructions that were given to the computers to make the applications are also software.
What is Programming?
So, as said before, in order to create applications or software, we need some other applications or actions. The process of telling a computer what to do is called programming. How can the action be achieved? The answer is simple. Programming Languages. What are programming Languages? they are the ways of communicating with the Computer. Since computers cannot understand as we speak directly to them(don’t say “What are Google Assistant and iPhone Siri then? It understands what we say” as controversial examples. We’ll define why they are not the way of communicating with the computers in the article of programming languages). So we need to know some languages to know in order to communicate, command or insist a computer to do a specific action. To summarize, the software is achieved by our communication with the computer(a product of hardware devices inside and data stored in them) as a result of it’s acceptance of the work provided by us.
What are the types of Software?
Now let us discuss what the main types of Software are: the System Software and the Application software. System software is simply the software developed for the system or device that you work in. For example, let us take your mobile or computer,be it android, ios,Mac Os, Linux,coloros, miui or anything, all the Operating systems and the pre-installed applications come under the System Software. And the next type — the Application Software, are the applications where you download or introduce to your device like Facebook , Twitter etc., For a system to function properly as expected to, the maintenance of the software like updating and cleaning of files is necessary, which will enhance the overall working of the device.
What do software companies do?
Now, to the next biggest question. What do the thousands and thousands of software companies do all day? What do all the people inside do there getting all those nights and days? Well then, let’s explain the answer. Currently there are crores and crores of applications(including system software and application software) that are needed to be checked, protected and updated frequently in order to cope up with the modern technical growth. In order to achieve that, one needs to change the given commands which needs very much time and power. Like if you work in Microsoft, you need to check whether the users from all over the world are facing any threats regarding security or the applications inside and installed need to be updated and conveyed frequently. As a result, many people work together or alone to achieve these these. They deal with all the queries and develop them according to the queries.
Let us gather all the points we’ve come across till now as a summary, just to get a clear idea. We interact with the computers to do specific works which come out as applications or software. This is what every “Software engineers” do in “IT companies”, all day along.
Rumors and misconceptions
There have been many misconceptions and rumors nowadays due to the Pandemic. The news that crores of people have lost their jobs is almost true, since all the companies are suffering huge losses due to the pandemic and actions such as salary reduction and washing out are being taken. This is true but also has led to many rumors and misconceptions all over the world like
- IT field is going to be over.
- A software engineer will not have a scope hereafter.
- Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning will replace all the humans.
- The Human era is going to be over and the robots will start ruling us.
Since these concepts are partly true and very hardly have the probability to happen, that doesn’t mean the importance of humans is going to be less. Whatever bizarre the growth of the IT field be, there is always a need of humans. But a point should always be noted that there should be the birth of new ideas over and over so that only humans can perform or program them. This may seem a tough point but actually is not. Because there are new ideas born everywhere where the growth of the field is just used as a tool for development, sometimes as a weapon or replacement, but not always. So there sure will be scope for “humans” in the future too, no need to worry.
The qualification required is still not definite for being recruited as a software engineer. Everyone qualified as engineers or Bachelors of science in computer majors are all qualified. Every company has its own mechanism of recruiting like-specifically graduates from Computer majors, specifically graduates from fields other than Computer majors, or even non-graduated students or people.
Some of the popular software companies
There are some software giants that we are aware of already:
- Google Inc.
- Microsoft Inc.
- Oracle Inc.
- Alibaba Inc.
- Amazon Inc.
etc., Still there are many more software industries popular world-wide like
- Adobe Inc.
- Square Inc.
etc., other than these there are a massive number of Software Companies that have gained popularity and power regional wise, like ZOHO corp., InfoSys solutions., Wipro Technologies and Accenture in India. Getting into these companies require great qualifications to get into.
By our next article, we’ll look about Programming Languages and the field of programming, the most popular languages and the reasons, in a more detailed manner.